What are corns?
Corns are hardened patches of skin caused by skin being squeezed between the bones of the foot and the shoe, or as a result of toes rubbing against each other.
What are the most common signs of corns?
Look out for the following signs of corns on your foot:
- pea sized shiny patches of skin raised above the surrounding surface
- circular and pale yellow in colour
- pain or tenderness in the affected area.
The difference between hard and soft corns
Apart from the obvious difference between them in being hard and soft, there is also a difference as to where they occur:
Hard corns - tend to occur on the tops, tips and sides of toes and have a core that presses on nerve endings.
Soft corns - tend to occur between the toes and stay soft due to the heat and moisture in this area. Despite them being soft, they can also be painful.
What are the causes and sources of corns?
There are several possible causes as to why corns develop, but the most common cause is ill-fitting shoes. Shoes that are too loose can let your foot slide and rub (causing friction), while other shoes may place excessive pressure on different areas of the foot (for example high-heeled shoes which can squeeze the toes).
Abnormal walking patterns, or standing for long periods, can also be causes because of the pressure that is put on the foot.
How can corns be prevented?
Corns can be prevented by wearing comfortable shoes that fit properly and don’t rub and cause friction.
As corns are caused by excessive friction and pressure; it’s important to keep your feet dry, as moisture increases rubbing on the skin. Ensure that your feet are completely dry before putting on any shoes. Choice of shoe shape and material is also crucial to ensure your feet distribute pressure evenly and are not overly sweaty.
How to treat corns
There are several different ways you can treat corns and which method you choose may depend on its severity.
- Choose shoes which fit well. This will help prevent corns from forming in the first place. If a corn has already formed, you can either remove it or protect it.
- Try salicylic acid-based products like patches for removal.
- To protect corns, relieve pain and lessen the discomfort caused by friction and rubbing, use protective patches made from foam, silicone or soft polymers.
Treat with Scholl:
- Scholl provides an all in one product: the Scholl 2 in 1 Corn Express Pen. All you have to do is to apply the softening liquid daily, which breaks down the hard skin of the corn. Alongside this, you simply use the scraper to exfoliate the top layers of the corn once every three days – which reduces the thickness, quickly relieving both the pressure and the pain.
- Scholl Corn Shield Plasters is another option - for corns which are particularly hard, relieving the pressure with a plaster is recommended. Scholl Corn Shield Plasters alleviate the pressure on the corn. The outer shield protects the corn from friction and rubbing, while the soft gel island provides extra cushioning and provides water to the corn, making it easier to remove it. Before placing the plaster on the corn, make sure the skin is clean, dry and free of oils and creams. Repeat the treatment once a day until the corn is ready to be removed.
- Scholl Corn Removal Plasters – provides the right size and shape to cushion your corn, relieving the pressure which can aggravate the corn and surrounding area. The plasters are medicated with salicylic acid, which gradually breaks down the corn.
When to see a doctor
After home treatment, if you find that your symptoms persist seek medical assistance. A podiatrist may be able to cut away some of the thickened skin using a scalpel. This may help to reduce the pressure on the tissue underneath. It is imperative that you do not try to cut the corn yourself, you may make it more painful, and it could become infected.
ALWAYS READ THE LABEL. USE ONLY AS DIRECTED. See your doctor if symptoms persist